The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control has released a mission report on HIV in Cyprus. Up until 2005, levels of HIV infection in Cyprus were relatively low, with fewer than 30 new cases diagnosed annually. However, the number of new HIV cases diagnosed annually has steadily risen. These new cases occurred predominantly among men who have sex with men of Cypriot nationality.
It is unclear whether this increase is due to more testing (which results in more diagnoses), an increase in the number of HIV-positive people who returned to the country after having lived abroad, or to an actual increase in the number of HIV infections among MSM in Cyprus. This mission report addresses this issue and provides options on how Cyprus can respond to the epidemic. Read the report